Thursday, October 06, 2016

Gandhi and Governance: Relooking Development at Grassroot Level

Mainstream, VOL LIV No 41 New Delhi October 1, 2016

By Pradeep Nair and Sandeep Sharma


Originally Published by Mainstreamweekly




The Gandhian idea of governance and development at the community level is a people-centred approach that combines a number of activities to ensure people (rural people) access to relevant information so that they shall collaborate and participate in development. Through information and knowledge, the rural voices may express their expectations and can share their know
ledge. Here community governance is a powerful driver, especially for the marginalised people, to change their lives for better. The Gandhian idea of government and governance is about to enhance rural communication services at the grassroot level so that it can empower the local people to plan and manage the development processes.

Any government—whether of Nehru, Gandhi (Indira and Rajiv) or Modi—in its policy docu-ments/election manifestos highlights what rural people need in order to move up the socio-economic ladder. Prime Ministers in India never fail to mention ‘Gandhi’ and ‘Village’ in their promises. They feel happy to speak about invest-ments and technologies that would improve rural livelihood. But in practice, the efforts are not really sufficient to sustain the desired change at the grassroot level. The failure is because of two primary reasons—lack of participation and ineffective communication. This commentary appreciates the Gandhian understanding of governance and is evolved with an analysis that how relooking this concept of governance could help the formal and informal agencies of development and governance to build a platform for dialogue and common understating for rural communities who are the real decision-makers in good Read More

Tibetan Children in Exile: Institutions of Child Care



By Pradeep Nair and Sandeep Sharma


Abstract 

@TVC Mcleodganj                     Photo by Sandeep Sharma

Providing quality day-care services for children in informal economy have been widely discussed and debated at policy and execution level from the last two decades. Numerous studies have been conducted in developing countries to critically evaluate existing regulations, policies and schemes on child-care provision. The focuses of these studies were largely on the interventions through laws and schemes. However, very little studies were conducted on care facilities available for the Tibetan children living in exile. This article explores the vision of the newly elected Tibetan government-in-exile to provide quality child care at the care centres so as to obtain the larger goals of social transformation by taking into account the broader social and cultural context in which the care is provided. The study is based on field observation undertaken in Tibetan settlement in Dharamshala and interviews conducted with Tibetan government officials, child-care providers and community representatives to collect primary data. To read more click here ......

A Tour to TVC...


They are the Hope,  They are the Future Seeds of Tibet

DEMOCRACY FOR A TERRITORYLESS AND STATELESS POLITY: THE ELECTIONS OF TIBETANS-IN-EXILE

Sandeep Sharma and Pradeep Nair

Originally Published by Journal of Comparative Politics

The Tibetan government’s arrival at the horizon of democracy is viewed as another stone solidifying the foundation of Tibetan freedom movement. In 2011, His Holiness the Dalai Lama devolved all his political power and restricted himself to be the spiritual head only. In the wake of this development, in 2011, first direct elections were conducted for the post of Prime Minister and the Members of Parliament of Tibetan Government-in-Exile. Recently concluded elections in April-May 2016 were only second elections of this type. This short note looks into the governance structure and functioning of the Tibetan Government-in-exile and reviews the recently concluded Tibetan general elections with a view that how through these democratic political processes the exiled community has transplanted, institutionalized and democratized its government structures to establish a state-like polity in a stateless and territory-less exile. This study is based on field observation undertaken in Dharamshala. Interviews were conducted with Tibetan government officials, journalists and members of Tibetan electorate. 

Key words: Tibetans-in-Exile; Governance; Democracy; Elections.

INTRODUCTION

Entities that have a defined territory and a permanent population, that under the control of their own government, and that engage in, or have the capacity to engage in, and form relations with such other entities (Crawford 1976). This definition of a sovereign state makes it clear that how much task of the Tibetan Government-in-Exile is left. Half a Century has passed; the dream of fullyfledged sovereign Tibetan state has been neutralized to autonomous status ....Read More